Former FBI Director Comey admits that he leaked documents in order to harm President Trump.

June 10th, 2017


June 8th, 2017

Who is Dr. Bill Cushing?

May 3rd, 2017

What is unmasking? Is it a crime?

April 13th, 2017

What is impeachment? Who can be impeached?

April 10th, 2017

What is Defensive Medicine?

March 12th, 2017

A simpler solution to healthcare reform in the United States.

March 5th, 2017


1. Obamacare’s failure is inevitable.
2. Healthcare reform is needed to address the failure.
3. Healthcare reform has been promised by the new administration.
4. Medicaid is managed well by most states in association with managed care companies.
5. Medicare functions well in association with managed care companies, i.e. Medicare Advantage.
6. Healthcare reform cannot be sustained without reducing costs and sustaining cost reductions.
7. Cost reductions will reduce the quality of care.
8. Defensive medicine costs are a very significant part of healthcare costs.
9. Pharmaceutical costs are higher domestically when compared to other countries.
10. There is no cheap way for a nation to finance healthcare for its citizens.


1. Address defensive medicine costs with medical malpractice tort reform. I have previously written about this. A justification can be found at this link. A solution can be found at this link.
2. Increase Medicaid availability to those under 65 years of age without a means test. This also addresses the pre-existing condition issue.
3. Increase Medicaid block grant funding to states and allow them to manage Medicaid without the need to constantly seek waivers for Medicaid management changes.
4. Those who opt out of the Medicaid option can purchase health insurance from the private market. But, it will be their choice. There will be no premium support for the purchase of insurance on the private market.
5. Increase Medicare and Medicaid fraud control.
6. Reduce Medicare reimbursement rates for hospital-based care. Hospital reimbursement rates are too high.
7. Reduce the burden of regulations on the primary care community so that it is possible for primary care physicians to re-enter private practice. This will increase the delivery of cost effective care and, over time, produce better health outcomes and quality for patients.
8. Start negotiating for pharmaceutical cost reductions in every sector of healthcare.

I am a Family Physician, Healthcare Attorney and former entrepreneur with many years of experience. I like to keep things simple and use what is readily available to me when solving problems.

It appears to me that the present administration and Congress are making mistakes similar to those of the Obama administration. The administration and Congress are listening to present and former elite academics, think-tanks and organized medicine to come up with a solution that is more complex than it needs to be.

Let the states be the payer for healthcare delivery to their citizens under 65 years of age. They will do a much better job managing costs than the federal government. They have Medicaid experience.

This approach will address many of the impending healthcare reform problems, will limit the administration’s exposure to failure and, more importantly, produce a palatable solution for U. S. citizens.

The Florida Supreme Court rules that the federal Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act cannot be used to arbitrarily make medical error reports undiscoverable.

February 23rd, 2017

On January 31, 2017, The Florida Supreme Court ruled, in Jean Charles et al. v. Southern Baptist Hospital of Florida, that a health care facility or provider cannot shield documents from discovery by unilaterally classifying them as privileged under the Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act.

Reason for ruling:

In 2004, citizen initiative Amendment 7 was adopted and makes reports of adverse medical incidents available to Florida citizens. Amendment 7 then became Article 10, section 25, of the Florida Constitution.

In an attempt to negate the impact of Amendment 7, Florida healthcare facilities and providers have attempted to claim that reports of medical errors were protected from discovery under the Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act.

Baptist Hospital arbitrarily classified all medical error reports as Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act records in order to make them undiscoverable in medical malpractice and peer review litigation.

“… health care providers should not be able to unilaterally decide which documents will be discoverable and which will not in medical malpractice cases.” Florida Supreme Court.


The Institute of Medicine produced a report in 1999 stating that between 44,000 to 98,000 people die in hospitals annually due to medical error. This resulted in Congress passing the Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act [PSQIA] in 2005. The Department of Health and Human Services’ rules concerning PSQIA went into effect in January of 2009.

The PSQIA allowed for the formation of patient safety organizations [PSOs] which are to “provide for the improvement of patient safety and to reduce the incidence of events that adversely effect [sic] patient safety.”

To complete their mission PSOs must have access to patient safety information, i.e. adverse incident reports. To encourage physicians and institutions to provide this information to PSOs, the PSQIA grants immunity from discovery for information that is prepared for and shared with a PSO. This information is classified as Patient Safety Work Product [PSWP] and is not discoverable by federal or state discovery.

But the statute clearly states, if the information was “collected, maintained or developed” for any purpose other than submission to a Patient Safety Organization, the information does not constitute Patient Safety Work Product and is not privileged or confidential under PSQIA.


So, an incident report that is collected and submitted to a state agency is not Patient Safety Work Product even if it is also submitted to a PSO.

Florida, as do other states, has a number of statutes that require reporting adverse incidents. These documents, which could be part of a peer review or a medical malpractice case and which were created to satisfy these statutory requirements, cannot be Patient Safety Work Product even if sent to a PSO.

The U. S. Department of Veterans Affairs undermines Family Medicine physicians by issuing a final rule granting advanced nurse practitioners “full practice authority.”

January 26th, 2017

On December 14, 2016, the Department of Veterans Affairs [VA] issued a final rule which amends its medical regulations to permit “full practice authority” for advanced practice registered nurses (APRN) when they are acting within the scope of their VA employment.

Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNA) will not be included in the VA’s “full practice authority.”

The rule addresses three categories of nurse practitioners:

“By permitting the three APRN roles, Certified Nurse Practitioner (CNP), Clinical Nurse Specialist (CNS), or Certified Nurse-Midwife (CNM), throughout the VHA system with a way to achieve full practice authority in order to provide advanced nursing services to the full extent of their professional competence, VHA furthers its statutory mandate to provide quality health care to our nation’s veterans.”

One rationale for the rule is that nurse practitioners are hard to recruit:

“Nurse Practitioner is currently #3 in the top 5 difficult to recruit and retain nurse specialties.”

If Nurse Practitioners had been #1 on the recruitment list that would be a better rationale for the final rule.

The rule refers to “full practice authority” by stating:

“This final rule uses the term ‘full practice authority’ to refer to the APRN’s authority to provide advanced nursing services without the clinical oversight of a physician when that APRN is working within the scope of their VA employment.”

The VA hopes that “full practice authority” will help with nurse practitioner retention problems.

Actually, I think it will have the effect of causing a Family Physician recruitment and retention problem for the VA.

The rule was the result of a continuing “turf war” between physician led organized medicine versus organized nursing groups. The nurses won again.

The losers are Family Medicine physicians and general Internal Medicine physicians. They are being replaced by nurse practitioners. “The die is cast.” The nurses have the momentum.

I have discussed this issue previously but have seen little effective action by organized medicine to stem the tide of change.

Today, advanced practice registered nurses make up the fastest growing segment of the primary care professional workforce in the United States.

My concern is that Family Medicine physicians will be replaced by primary care nurse practitioners. The U. S. government, by giving nurse practitioners “full practice authority,” is helping to make this transition happen.

Why would one endure a Family Medicine residency and become a Family Physician when your skill level is considered to be the same as a nurse practitioner by the U. S. government and many state governments?

My final question is:

Can there be the same quality of care?

There cannot be the same quality of care.

Let the President Elect’s transition team know that addressing Defensive Medicine is a good starting point for fixing Obamacare.

November 13th, 2016

The President Elect’s transition team wants you to share your ideas with them.

In January, we will have a new President that has promised to replace Obamacare and make quality and affordable healthcare available to the citizens of the United States.

The President Elect must be introduced to the need for procedural changes to medical malpractice liability as an effective way to significantly reduce healthcare costs associated with defensive medicine?

Answering the following questions will help the President Elect and his transition team.

1. Does defensive medicine exist?

2. If it does, can increased costs of care be associated with defensive medicine?

3. Is the use of defensive medicine effective in reducing malpractice claims?

4. Is the percentage of increased costs significant enough to justify changes to medical malpractice liability procedures?

5. If yes, then what changes should be implemented?

Anecdotally, we all know that defensive medicine is a reality in spite of a number of individuals saying that it does not exist or, if it does, that it is inconsequential and does not need to be addressed. To help support the reality of defensive medicine you simply have to read a paper, “Physician spending and subsequent risk of malpractice claims: observational study,” by Harvard and Stanford scholars in the British Medical Journal. I discussed this paper last year.

The study question was: “Is a higher use of resources by physicians associated with a reduced risk of malpractice claims?” The answer was yes. But, you knew that already. Importantly, the study supported this with facts.

The study included 24,637 Florida physicians, 154,725 physician years and 18,352,391 hospital admissions. 4,342 malpractice claims were made against the physicians.

The results showed that greater spending by physicians was associated with a lower risk of being subject to a malpractice claim. Internists that fell within the lower 20% of internist spending ($19,725.00 per hospital admission) had a 1.5% chance of incurring a malpractice claim.

Internists in the top 20% tier of spending ($39,379.00 per hospital admission) had a 0.3% chance of incurring a malpractice claim. A five fold decrease in being subject to a malpractice claim.

Who wouldn’t use more resources and increase spending if it would significantly reduce incurring a malpractice claim.

The authors concluded that:

1. “. … a greater use of resources was associated with statistically significant lower subsequent rates of alleged malpractice incidents.”

2. “Within specialty and after adjustment for patient characteristics, higher resource use by physicians is associated with fewer malpractice claims.”

The study showed an increase of $19,654.00 in costs per hospital admission from the bottom 20% tier to the top 20% tier in the numbers we presented above.

The upper tier internists actually outspent the lower tier internists by a factor of two. A 100% increase in spending is significant. The overall percentage increase would be less when all the tiers are included. But, it would still be significant. It would be greater than the 25% level I previously have considered as a benchmark cost of defensive medicine.

So, the existence of defensive medicine and significant increased associated costs is supported by a factual study.

Because defensive medicine significantly increases the overall costs of healthcare, changes to medical malpractice liability procedures could reduce the need for defensive medicine and dramatically reduce overall healthcare costs in the U. S. It might make healthcare insurance more affordable.

Also, changes would dramatically increase overall physician satisfaction with the profession.

This is needed in today’s highly regulated practice environment.

You cannot have effective healthcare reform without real medical malpractice liability reform. Obamacare did not introduce any changes to medical malpractice liability and, as written, specifically protects the status quo of medical malpractice liability.

Let the President Elect’s transition team know that defensive medicine and medical malpractice liability reform have to be addressed in order to effectively control healthcare costs.

Go to the transition team’s website and share your ideas with them. You can copy and paste this article in the share your ideas form if you wish. It only takes minutes.

Tap or click for a practical solution to medical malpractice reform.